Subjects

Division of Marine Bioresource Science

Laboratory of Marine Bioresource Production (Keywords: Ecology, Fish and Invertebrates, Biodiversity, Life History)

Marine Ecology, Advanced by Yohei NAKAMURA

I explain spatiotemporal distributions of coral reef organisms, and their controlling mechanisms including food web dynamics. I also introduce the current status of conservational activities on coral reefs in Japan. (Code: 19001, Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Marine Biodiversity by Osamu MIURA

There are many marine species in Kuroshio region. In particular, numerous invertebrates inhabit on tideflats and rocky shores in this region. To protect this biodiversity, it is crucial to understand how it has been created and maintained. In this class, I will explain diversification process and mechanisms of coexistence in invertebrates such as molluscs. (Code: 19002, Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Study on Migrations of Fish by Izumi KINOSHITA

The potential productivity of the Kuroshio Current has continued to support coastal bio-resources. The reproduction of many finfish depends on the great warm current. In this study, spawning and early migrations, and the diversity of ontogeny, accompanying the fish reproduction, are investigated in the Indo-Pacific region. (Code: 19003, Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Marine Planktology

Recent methodology, taxonomy and ecology of marine plankton, the most important component of marine ecosystem, will be explained. The understandings of distribution and predator-prey relationships of copepods, which are the greatest consumer of phytoplankton and the most important zooplankton as food for fish larvae, is indispensable to know marine production systems and to evaluate fishery grounds. In this respect, the ecology of planktonic copepods will be discussed by focusing studies on their distribution and food chains.

Aquatic Evolutionary Ecology by Masanori HIRAOKA

This lecture introduces the latest phylogenetic and ecological studies for algae being important producers in tidal flat or rocky shore along the seashore. Algae include multifarious taxa which have evolved by symbiosis of photosynthetic bacteria and ameba like organisms. We learn the life diversity from morphology, physiology and life histories in various algal taxa. The discussion about relationships of each alga to environments would lead us to understand fishery and environmental managements more deeply. (Code: 19005, Semester: Intensive, Elective 2 credit)

Advanced Benthology by Gyo ITANI

We will study biodiversity and ecological role of marine benthos. Topics include taxonomy and systematics of marine benthos, adaptation to benthic environment, species interactions, and community ecology of tidal flats. (Code: 19006, Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Study on Living Marine Resource Management by Hiroyuki MATSUDA

I explain ecosystem management, sustainable use, risk assessment, adaptive management, definition of threatened species, fisheries impact assessment, ecological footprint, and mathematical models for these issues. I also explain several case studies, extinction risk and stock recovery plan on southern bluefin tuna, hypotheses of sardine-anchovy-mackerel stock fluctuation. (Code: 19007, Semester: Intensive, Elective 2 credits)

Principles of Molecular Biology by Maki TERAMOTO

For research in molecular biology, we can use various techniques without knowing the underlying principles behind the techniques. In this class, students learn such principles involved in commonly-used techniques as well as in latest techniques. As these techniques, those for gene cloning, gene expression analysis and gene function analysis are included. Each student is required to investigate latest techniques and select one from them, and give a presentation on the selected technique, explaining the principles, to the rest of the class. Also, students learn a research topic in molecular biology on assessment of bacterial communities in Kuroshio water. (Code: 19041, Semester: Intensive, Elective 2 credits)

Laboratory of Cell Structure and Function (Keywords: Cell Biology, Morphogenesis, Virology, Algae, Entomology)

Molecular Cell Biology by Syun-Ichirou OSHIMA

Knowledge about virus-cell interactions has been obtained through studies with various models for virus infection, and contributes to molecular cellbiology. The focus of this subject is the understanding of the mechanisms by which viral gene products manipulate key host cell molecules involved in signal transduction to virus replication and pathogenicity. (Code: 19008, Semester: Spring, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Study on Plant Morphogenesis and its Diversity by Kazuo OKUDA

This lecture deals with algae, which are the primary producers in the ocean and represent a very diverse group of organisms. We study the ultrastructure and formation of various organelles essential for plant cells such as cell coverings, flagellar apparatus, plastids and mitotic, cytokinetic apparatus and phylogenetically discuss the morphogenesis of plant cells. (Code: 19009, Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Structural and Functional Cell Biology by Ichiro MINE

A lecture on morphogenesis of plant and algal cells during their vegetative growth and reproductive development is given. Recent studies on the morphogenetic processes and relevant intra-/extracellular factors are summarized and the results obtained therein are discussed for further investigations in terms of morphology, plant physiology and cell biology. (Code: 19010, Semester: Spring, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Study on the Ultrastructure of Cells by Satoko SEKIDA

It is the cell that is the simplest, indivisible, unit which is viable, and therefore, the cell is the nit of life. The aim of this lecture is to understand the ultrastructures and functions of plant and algal cells and to learn cell biological techniques to discover how cells determine their shape using cell covering and cytoskeletons during cellular morphogenesis. The development and specialization of cells are discussed from the views of morphology and cell physiology. (Code: 19011, Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Environmental Physiology of Animals living in the Ocean Ecosystem by Tetsuo HARADA

This advanced course will discuss about how environmental factors, including periodical fluctuations in light and temperature conditions and the activities of animals and plants, affect behavioral and physiological characteristics of animals inhabiting the ocean ecosystem. It will include several biological activities in terrestrial areas and lotic and lentic habitats. (Code: 19012, Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Instrumental analyses by Kazuhiko YAMADA

This lecture introduces the fundamentals and recent applications of instrumental analyses, including nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), X-ray diffraction, mass spectroscopy, and electron microscope, to organic chemistry, biochemistry, and material sciences. The purpose of this lecture is to understand standard techniques for analyzing various phenomena in science, agriculture, and medical research fields at a molecular level. (Code: 19042, Semester: Intensive, Elective 2 credits)

Laboratory of Cetaceans and Environmental Resources (Keywords: Whale and Dolphin, Nekton, Plankton, Ecosystem, Fisheries Biology)

Advanced Studies on Cetacean Population Biology by Toshiya KISHIRO

Advanced Studies on Cetacean Population BiologyThe present lecture proceeds step by step, the first phase giving a general outline of cetacean (whales, dolphins and porpoises) population biology such as their taxonomy, distribution, life history, and stock management, then the second phase focusing on the case studies of specific cetaceans in Kuroshio and its surrounding regions. (Code: 19013, Semester: Intensive, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Ecology of Micronekton by Taro ICHII

The course is aiming at understanding the role of micronekton (krill, squid and myctophids) in the marine ecosystem. Emphasis will be on how the distribution of micronekton is affected by both the physical and biological aspects of their habitat, and on how micronekton predators respond to changes in the availability of their food. (Code: 19014, Semester: Intensive, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Biology of the Kuroshio Fish Resources

These lectures will cover the life history, physiology and ecology of skipjack and tunas in waters from the Tropical Ocean to the Kuroshio Current area. Specific topics are their ageing, growth, distribution, migration, feeding habits, maturation and spawning. Furthermore, biology on small pelagic fishes as main prey organisms will be covered. (Code: 19015, Semester: Intensive, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Bioinformaticsby Tetsuya SAKURAI

Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary research field used for in silico analyses of biological data using mathematical and statistical techniques. Through this lecture, I hope to convey an understanding of gene prediction and functional annotation, as well as analyses of genome or transcriptome data from the aspect of mathematics. Moreover, reasonable interpretation methods of such results based on statistical analyses will also be discussed. (Code: , Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced study of Aquatic Virologyby Keizo NAGASAKI

In any aquatic environments, the most abundant biological entites are “viruses”. In the ocean, the number of virus particles are estimated at 10E30. Hence, researchers’ enthusiastic interest is located in their roles in marine environments. At this class, diversity, function, and ecological roles of aquatic viruses are plainly explained. Discussion on the raison d'être for viruses will be conducted. (Code:    , Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Study on Archaeology of Japanby Osamu MIYAZATO

This lecture focus on coastal culture. This lecture illustrates about a concept of coastal culture, relationship between coastal culture and farming, and cases of coastal culture in Kuroshio Area. (Code: 19094, Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Physical Oceanography on the Kuroshioby Hiroyuki YORITAKA

The Kuroshio that is a western boundary current of North Pacific Subtropical Gyre is driven by the wind system of the wide area in the North Pacific. I explain the impact of the global climate change on the Kuroshio, and the impact of the Kuroshio on the coastal ocean condition and the regional climate. (Code:   , Semester: Spring, Elective 2 credits)

Instrumental analyses by Kazuhiko Yamada

This lecture introduces the fundamentals and recent applications of instrumental analyses, including nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), X-ray diffraction, mass spectroscopy, and electron microscope, to organic chemistry, biochemistry, and material sciences. The purpose of this lecture is to understand standard techniques for analyzing various phenomena in science, agriculture, and medical research fields at a molecular level. (Code: 19042, Semester: Intensive, Elective 2 credits)

Division of Environmental Science

Laboratory of Environmental Conservation (Collaborative Laboratory by Visiting Professors: Keywords: Marine Chemistry, Aquatic Microbial Ecology, Marine Biotechnology, Tropical Soil Ecology)

Advanced Study on the Marine Environmental Conservation by Kimio FUKAMI

We will study the anthropogenic impacts on marine environments in Kuroshio areas, and discuss practical techniques for conserving and/or improving environments using roles of marine microbes. (Code: 19016, Semester: Intensive, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Analytical Chemistry of Marine Environment by Keiji GAMOH

Chemical analysis of endogenous organic materials and exogenous contaminants in Kuroshio sea area is important in our attempt to improve our understanding of the fate and behaviour of chemical substances. Chemical effects of exogenous chemical substances on the Kuroshio basins will be discussed from the viewpoint of analytical chemistry of the marine environment. (Code: 19017, Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Application of Microbial Functions

Microorganisms have various biological and biochemical functions, such as algicidal activities or biodegradation of various chemicals. In this lecture, various functions of microorganisms useful for human beings are introduced at first, and then actual and potential applications of microbial functions are also introduced.

Advanced Tropical Soil Ecology by Sota TANAKA

Tropical soils, which are a key factor for environmental conservation and sustainable agriculture in the tropics, are discussed from the viewpoint of pedogenetic process, nutrient dynamics, and biological process. The relationship and problems between the life of local people and the conservation and management of soil environment are further discussed. (Code: 19019, Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Laboratory of Environmental Change and Sustainable Society (Keywords: Meteorology, Economics, Geography, Geology, History)

Advanced Economic Study of the Regional Environment by Teruyuki SHINBO

We will study regional environmental problems in the Kuroshio Sphere using economics, theoretically and empirically. We regard approaches from micro economics, public economics, and econometrics as important. In particular, we will take up the following topics: (1) the theory of environmental economics, (2) the economic valuation of environmental and natural resources, (3) environmental policy analyses. (Code: 19020, Semester: Spring, Elective 2 credits)

Developing Economics

This course targets developing countries, especially those facing the Black (Kuroshio) Current and covers economic theory and statistical analysis in the context of international development. In addition, comparative analysis based on applied economics as well as the principles and the implementation of various socio-economic surveys are planned to be investigated. (Code:19022, Semester: Intensive, Elective 2 credits)

Fisheries socioeconomics in Kuroshio Region by Mina HORI

Towards sustainable fisheries in the Kuroshio region, socioeconomic issues in fisheries such as resource management, fisheries management, fish distribution and tourism in both inland and marine fisheries will be explained using case studies from the region. Considering the world trend in management and conservation, appropriate approach and system for the region will be discussed. (Code: 19043, Semester: Intensive, Elective 2 credits)

Economics of Less Favorable Areas by Yoshiaki IIGUNI

Economic structures of less favorable areas in Kuroshio area, especially Kochi prefecture, are focused on and examined for inducing the endogenous development. Not only economic problems but also environmental problems due to modernization or decline of primary industries has been serious in the areas. The harmonization between them will also be discussed to solve the problems. (Code: 19023, Semester: Spring, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Study on Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Science by Yoshiro NISHIO

Nature provides us “resources” and “disaster”. In this lecture, Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Science will be explained as essential knowledge to utilize the resources (water, mineral, energy, and etc.) and to reduce the damage from disasters (earthquake, volcanic activity, and etc.) in the Kuroshio Current area. (Code: 19044, Semester: Intensive, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Study on Vegetation Science by Shingo ISHIKAWA

The Kuroshio Current provides warm and humid climate for the vegetation in the surrounding areas. This course focuses on the relationship between the forest vegetation and climate and/or topography in the Kuroshio area. Vegetation dynamics in riparian and coastal areas are also discussed from the viewpoint of environmental disturbances and ecological characteristics of plants. (Code: 19025, Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Advance study on Vegetation Landscape by Motoki HIGA

Plant species distributions at broader scale are mainly determined by climatic factors, and those at finer scale are affected by other non-climatic factors including topography, geology, and human-activities. This class focuses on distribution and dynamics of vegetation, and changes in the structure of vegetation landscapes caused by human-activities in the Kuroshio area. Finally, effective conservation planning of vegetation landscape under the developing and declining societies are also discussed. (Code: 19045, Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Study on Theoretical Biology by Motomi KATO

The Kuroshio region includes mountain, river and marine ecosystems. This class focuses on theoretical studies on animal ecology and life science in these ecosystems. It further deals with applied studies on interactions between the ecosystems and ecosystem conservation. (Code: 19095, Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Study on Environmental Geography by Takashi SUGITANI

The purpose of this lecture is to attain the viewpoint for studying the complex issues of environmental protection and development, based on physical-and-human geography as well as neighboring fields of social studies, environmental philosophy and ethnology. The region to study should be located in the Kuroshio coastal area including Kochi Prefecture we live in. (Code: 19026, Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Social History of Early Modern Japan by Shin-Ichirou OGI

The purpose of this lecture is to look into the regional society in early modern Japan and find out its characteristics from a historical perspective. In this lecture the social history of the region is to be constructed, on the basis of politics and economy in and around early modern Japan, by analysing some specific features of regional politics, industries and economies, through the perspective not only of the polity (e.g. Tosa Han) but also of a broader area (e.g. Shikoku and "Kuroshio Area"). (Code: 19027, Semester: Spring, Elective 2 credits)

Socio-economic History in China from the 14th to 17th Centuries by Hiroshi YOSHIO

This course will consist of two parts. The first part is to study socio-economic history in China, especially in Taiwan as "Kuroshio Area" from the 14th to the 17th centuries. The second is to look at cultural interaction between China (which contains Taiwan) and Japan in the modern age. (Code: 19028, Semester: Spring, Elective 2 credits)

Division of Human Health and Medical Science

Laboratory of Human Health and Medical Science (Keywords: Immunology, Pharmaceutical Science, Molecular Biology, Food Science)

Advanced Study of Immunology by Akira TOMINAGA

Cells and tissues of the immune system, development of the immune system, recognition of antigens, and cell-cell interactions among cells involved in immunity will be discussed. The evaluation system of the effects of bioresources from the Kuroshio region on immune responses will also be discussed. (Code: 19030, Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Study of Synthetic Organic Chemistry by Hidenori TANAKA

Organic chemists have been of interest to natural products possessing remarkable bioactivities and diverse chemical structures from living organisms as synthetic targets. Having been extensively studied, total synthesis of bioactive natural products leads to not only elucidating mechanism of action but also drug development. The lecture will discuss the structures, bioactivities, biosynthesis and total synthesis of natural products. (Code: 19046, Semester: Intensive, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced study on natural product biosynthesis by Dana ULANOVA

Natural products are an important source of clinically useful drugs. Detailed knowledge of how producing organisms synthesize these compounds is essential for improvement of their bioactive properties and also for discovery of new natural products. In this lecture the biosynthetic principles of main natural product groups will be explained with a special focus on products of the marine origin. We will also discuss recent approaches for manipulation of biosynthetic genes to yield new bioactive compounds. (Code: 19047, Semester: Intensive, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced study of Pharmacology by Takushi NANBA

The molecular mechanism of the effect of medicines, such as Aspirin, Penicillin, etc. in the cell level and whole body level will be discussed. The methods of development of new medicine and the leading edge of pharmacological research will also be discussed. (Code: 19048, Semester: Intensive, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Health Science and Nutrition by Satoshi KUBOTA

Lecture on basic mechanisms of nutrient metabolism, energy exchange, and body formation and public nutrition for keeping and promoting the health of populations. (Code: 19033, Semester: Spring, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Study on Health and Dietary Behavior by Eri SHIBA

To choose a healthy diet, we need to understand much more about nutrition, association between health and eating patterns, and how to change eating behavior. In this lecture, association between dietary patterns and unidentified complaints in daily life, psychological behavior change models and their application to improvement of dietary habit, and importance of food and nutrition education will be discussed. (Code: 19049, Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Study of Molecular Cytogenetics by Takahiro TAGUCHI

Chromosomes, which are the embodiment of the genome, are visible on dividing cells and consist of DNA, Chromosome number and sizes vary from species to species. Study of changes in the gross structure and number of chromosomes in cells, mainly animals living in Kuroshio area, is discussed in relation to classification, evolution, and gene mapping. And applications of recent molecular cytogenetic techniques are introduced. (Code: 19034, Semester: Spring, Elective 2 credits)

Advanced Study on Cancer Biology by Keiji INOUE

Recent progress in cancer biology has revealed that many molecules, which are involved in growth, angiogenesis, invasion and also metastasis, would be targets of cancer therapy. In this lecture, the summary of mechanism based clinical and experimental study as well as recent status of new molecular target drugs, are presented. (Code: 19035, Semester: Intensive, Elective 2 credits)

Physiological Psychology of Olfaction by Fumino OKUTANI

The purpose of this lectures are two folds: (1) to understand how olfactory stimuli are received, conducted effectively, and recognized as odors in the brain, and (2) to deepen our knowledge of the influence of odorous substances that come from the Kuroshio Area on the endocrine and nervous systems. (Code: 19036, Semester: Intensive, Elective 2 credits)

Division of Human Science

Laboratory of Human Science (Keywords: Aging, Medical treatment, Nursing, Rural area)

Advanced Study on Human Caring by Mari MATSUOKA

This advanced course will learn clinical practices and studies about the Child & Family-Centered Care, which empowers children with some disabilities and/or health problems and their family. Also, we will study the interpersonal interaction between children with some disabilities and/or health problems and their family and healthcare providers. Through these studies, we will discuss about the nature of human caring in nursing science. (Code: 19051, Semester: Intensive, Elective 2 credits)

Study on Environment and Health Science by Shunji MIZOBUCHI

Research on immunological activity of β-glucan from Aureobasidium pullulans for the elderly or patients receiving chemotherapy for cancer. (Code: 19092, Semester: Autumn, Elective 2 credits)

Program of "Nurturing Talented People to Establish a Sustainable Society in the Kuroshio Region"

Advanced Study of socioeconomic and ecological research by Teruyuki SHINBO, Mina HORI and Yohei NAKAMURA

The goal of the course is to help students develop a basic understanding/philosophy of the field research process from the aspect of social science (e.g., economics) and natural science (e.g., ecology), especially concerning the deterioration problem of the coastal resource and the approaches towards sustainable use of them in the Kuroshio Region, through the field work program. This course is the three year program. Students will go to field work trip for 1-3 days once/twice a year. We also plan these trips as a fraternization among foreign students. This course introduces students to the field trips for e.g., Nishidomari, the Kashiwajima Island (Otuki Town, Kochi Prefecture), Muroto City (Kochi), Kaiyo Town (Tokushima Prefecture) and Usa (Tosa City, Kochi) (Code: 19301, Compulsory, Intensive, 2 credits)

Advanced Study of Functional Analyses of Bioresources on Human health by Akira TOMINAGA

In modern human society, especially in the Kuroshio region, a lifestyle-related illnesses including inflammations, allergies, and cancers are overwhelmingly increasing. In this course, we will study the background of these diseases and the functional analyses of bioresources on human health in the Kuroshio region in order to ameliorate these diseases. In particular, functional assays of algae ingredients will be explained by using specific examples. (Code: 19302, Compulsory, Intensive, 2 credits)

Advanced Study of Food Processing and Utilization by Satoshi KUBOTA

For realizing an affluent and sustainable society, proper utilization of bioresources is essential. In this course, we study the outlines of techniques for food processing, especially for marine bioresources. Optionally we will visit the food factories. (Code: 19303, Compulsory, Intensive, 2 credits)